The other day I was reading a love poem a student was working on and came upon an ambiguous line. “You need to give your reader a little more information here,” I told her. “No I don’t,” she said, “the poem is to my boyfriend and he’ll know what I’m talking about.”“Whoa! Hold on.” I thumped the palm of my hand down on her desk. “You need to think bigger than that!” She looked up at me confused. Now what does this crazy poetry teacher want from me? her heavily mascara-ed eyes seemed to plead.“This poem could be published in a book! Think bestseller! Think Oprah!” I said.
Okay, so, as my students so often point out, I was getting carried away. But at the very least, within ten minutes she’d be reading the poem to the class and we wanted to know why tears were falling on the pillow in the second stanza.
Getting students to think about audience … that is the readers outside their own head, is crucial to making meaningful poems rather than just heartfelt journal entries. (Not that I have anything against heartfelt journal entries, mind you … )
I’ve found that reading and writing poems in the form of letters is a great way to drive this lesson home. After all, you can’t write a letter if you don’t know who it’s addressed to. So for the past month I’ve been doing a unit on writing poems in the form of letters.
Here are some poems I’ve used in this month’s unit:
- “This is My Letter to the World” by Emily Dickinson
- “Suicide Note from a Cockroach in a Low Income Housing Project” by Pedro Pietri
- “Undelivered Mail” by Rhina P. Espaillat (You and your students will have a lot of fun with this one!)
- “Theme for English B” by Langston Hughes (Not exactly a letter, but it really drives home the idea of audience … and my students – teens whose reading levels ranged from 3rd grade and up – were extremely inspired by it … )
- “For My Daughter” by David Ignatow (Not technically a letter, but it works)
- “Dear Tia” by Caroline Hospital
Here are some poems I might add next time around:
- “Letter to NY” by Elizabeth Bishop
- “Letter from Buddy, Postmarked Heaven” by Lesléa Newman (STILL LIFE WITH BUDDY Pride Publications, 1997
If you have something to add to the list, let me know. I plan to repeat this unit at least once a year!